Where Is the Travel Destination of This Year’s National Day Holiday? Guancheng Is Your First Choice!

The National Day and the Mid-Autumn Festival are joyfully overlapped, leaving us an 8-day holiday! How unbelievable for you to stay at home witnessing this precious chance flying! But the point is where should be your travel destination? Then, Guancheng is the best choice! Enjoy the historical and cultural tour, as well as the urban leisure and recreation tour to be liberated from all the confusion and entanglement.

Historical and Cultural Tourism

City God Temple of Zhengzhou

Recommendation Reason: the Major Historical and Cultural Site under the Protection of Henan Province, and Henan Provincial Patriotism Education Base. Located in Guancheng Hui District, Zhengzhou City, Henan Province, the destination can be arrived through the Beijing - Guangzhou Railway, Lianyungang - Lanzhou Railway and Beijing - Hong Kong - Macao Expressway. It is the national renowned tourist attraction for cultural relics of Ming and Qing Dynasties. City God Temple of Zhengzhou was constructed during the Hongwu Period of Ming Dynasty. In the 14th year of Hongzhi reign (1501), the site was reconstructed, with multiple repairs by the descendant. In 2004, it was renovated, covering an area of 6,500 m2. The City God Temple of Zhengzhou has enjoyed a history of more than 600 years.

The City God plays a role like his name. He blesses and protects his people, distinguishes the good from the evil, and determines one’s life or death to manifest the retribution. The title originates from the city structure, in which the wall refers to “Cheng” and the moat refers to “Huang”. The central statue located in the main hall of City God Temple is the City God. The two sides of it are respectively placed with the Good-rewarding Official, Evil-punishing Official and soldiers including the Ox-headed Demon, Horse-faced Demon as well as the Black and White Impermanence. The City God Tour was a very lively event in the past, which would be regularly held at three seasons of spring, autumn and winter annually. The event held in spring was scheduled on the Tomb Sweeping Day, called “Arrest Ghosts”. In order to protect the people from the harm of ghosts, the City God would specially go out of the city to arrest the ghosts and imprison them in the city. The event held in autumn was scheduled on the 15th day of the 7th month of the lunar calendar, called “Visit the Ghost”. The City God would “accept the claim” in person, so as to redress cases involving injustice, false and wrong judgments, making the aggrieved devils have an earlier access to the reincarnation. The event held in winter was scheduled on the first day of October of the lunar calendar, called “Acquit the Ghost”. At the time, the faming was finished, thus, acquitting the ghosts to the outer world of the city for beguilement would not cause much harm. The City God was the illusory god. Afterwards, the people of him were deified. The City God of Zhengzhou is General of Han - Jixin, who deceives the Chu Army and saves the Han Emperor Liu Bang in the Chu–Han Contention. The City God Temple of Zhengzhou has preserved the main architectures including its front door, instrument door, theater stage, main hall, worship building and sleeping chamber. The eastern and western wings are the “display and exhibition of Yu Opera” with the features of Henan. The famous cultural attractions include: the theater stage (also called “Atoned Sets”), century-old elm, murals about the “various stories of the City God”, mural about the “City God Tour”, “Fuzan” stone tablet and the City God Temple Fair on the eighteenth day of March of the lunar calendar.

Zhengzhou Confucius Temple

Recommendation Reason: the Major Historical and Cultural Site under the Protection of Henan Province Located in Guancheng Hui District, Zhengzhou City, Henan Province, the destination can be arrived through the Beijing - Guangzhou Railway, Lianyungang - Lanzhou Railway and Beijing - Hong Kong - Macao Expressway. It is the national renowned tourist attraction for cultural relics of Ming and Qing Dynasties. Zhengzhou Confucius Temple was constructed in the Yongping Years (58 - 75) when was under the reign of Emperor Ming of Eastern Han Dynasty. It was destroyed by the fire disaster later. In the first year of Zhizheng Years of Emperor Yuanshun (1341), it was reconstructed by imitating the original appearance. During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, it experienced several repairs. In the 22nd year of the reign of Emperor Guangxu in the Qing Dynasty (1896), it suffered the second fire disaster. Though being reconstructed, the original scale of the temple cannot be restored. In 2004, it was rebuilt, covering a temple area of 8,232 m2, with complete group of buildings.

The Confucius Temple, also called the Confucian Temple, is the place for worshipping Confucius. Since the early Han Dynasty, in order to maintain the social order, the ruling class vigorously promoted the doctrines of Confucius, worshipping the Confucianism and constructing the Confucius Temple. In Tang and Song Dynasties, prefectures and counties were established the Confucius Temple. In Qing Dynasty, it was constructed in a larger scale. With the neat and rigorous layout, Zhengzhou Confucius Temple has constructed three-hall courtyards on the axis. Entering the Confucius Temple, two memorial archways are respectively on the east and west side. The east one is written with “Virtue Matches with the Heaven and Earth”, while the west one is written with “Knowledge Spreads from the Ancient to the Modern”. Starting from the Lingxing Gate, walking along the God Avenue northward, we will cross the Dacheng Gate. The east and west side are respectively the Minghuan Temple and Xiangxian Temple. Crossing the Dacheng Gate and arriving at the main building - Dacheng Hall, we will see the broad platform that is in front of the hall is the place for holding sacrificial activities. Behind the platform, there is the Zunjing Pavilion, a building with multiple eaves and gable and hip roof, 15.4 meters high. On the first floor, 8 dragon columns support the building. In the central hall, there is the giant wood carving which depicts the lecture-delivery of Confucius. On the second floor, there is the Academic Hall, which is the platform for spreading the Confucian classics. In the Dacheng Hall, and the Tile Carving on Portrait of the Teaching of Confucius, there are cultural sceneries including: strike the Shiyun Bell, play the Shengyin Drum, Academic Fortune Blessing Activity, listen to the lectures of national science and culture and so on.

Zhengzhou Shang Dynasty Ruins

Recommendation Reason: Zhengzhou is one of the Eight Ancient Capital Cities of China, National Famous Historical and Cultural City, Innovation Demonstration Area of Heritage of Chinese History and Civilization, the member city of League of Historical Cities and one of the six historical sites under the state key support during the “12th Five-Year Plan”. Zhengzhou Shang Dynasty Ruins is the leading historical site of Zhengzhou Large Relics Area.

Located in the central area of urban Zhengzhou, Zhengzhou Shang Dynasty Ruins is the largest dynasty capital city ruin which was the firstly found compared with those of the same period so far in China. Moreover, it is in the first batch of Key Cultural Relics Protection Unit, and the main support content of Zhengzhou National Famous Historical and Cultural City, as well as the Key Protection Project of Large Relics of State Administration of Cultural Heritage.

Since its foundation, the city has enjoyed a history of 3,600 years, which was the “luxurious” capital established by Tang - the first emperor of Shang Dynasty. It served as the center of politics, economy, culture and military in the early period of Shang Dynasty. From its inside to outside, Zhengzhou Shang Dynasty Ruins, which is the classic triple city walls structure, can be divided into the imperial palace, inner city and outer city. Since the Shang Dynasty, it has gone through 3,600 years. Located in the central area of the city all the time, Zhengzhou Shang Dynasty Ruins is honored as the living fossil of the development history of world cities.

Since its discovery in 1950s, as the core base of the Eight Ancient Capital Cities of China, Zhengzhou Shang Dynasty Ruins has extended and inherited the context of this ancient city, and benefited the people of Zhengzhou after over 60 years of excavation, research and protection. Particularly, the construction of the National Archaeological Park of Zhengzhou Shang Dynasty Capital City implemented in recent years, has gained vigorous support from governments at all levels and the people of Zhengzhou, appropriately protecting the noumenon of the relics, and effectively improving the civil living environment. Zhengzhou Shang City has gradually influenced all aspects of the city, and pierced into the deep heart of every citizen of Zhengzhou. The planning and construction of Shang City Historical Cultural Area will definitely revitalize the ancient capital city of Shang Dynasty.

Zhengzhou Beida Mosque

Recommendation Reason: the Major Historical and Cultural Site under the Protection of Henan Province. As the earliest founded mosque of Zhengzhou which is in the most magnificent scale, Zhengzhou Beida Mosque is also one of the relatively famous mosques of China. It has established the comparatively complete and unique Islamic ancient building group in Chinese palace style. In the mosque, plenty of valuable historical material data of Islam have been preserved, such as the world famous ancient tomb of Islamism—“Baba Tomb” which is found early in China, the two censers produced in Xuande Years of Ming Dynasty and stone tablets, horizontal inscribed boards and couplets of Qing Dynasty, as well as the ancient trees including the cypress and locust trees that possess long history.

Century Amusement Park

Urban Leisure and Recreation Tour

Recommendation Reason: it is the Henan Provincial Civilized Scenic Area, the Exhibition and Protection Base of Henan Provincial Folk Heritage, and the Model Airplane Base of Henan Province. Located in the Guancheng Hui District, Zhengzhou City, Henan Province, the Century Amusement Park is on the intersection between Zhongzhou Avenue and Shihua Road, 7 kilometers away from Zhengzhou Railway Station, and 13 kilometers away from Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport, and is adjacent to the Beijing - Hong Kong - Macao Expressway and Lianyungang-Horgos Expressway.

Taking the history of trains as its background, the construction of the park has set the railway development as the mainline. Its content is the large-scale comprehensive amusement facilities connected with an over 3,000-meter ring railroad. The trains pulled by two ancient steam locomotives carry tourists to appreciate the sceneries and feelings of various countries, allowing tourists to gain the perspective of “travelling the world by train, sightseeing the world in one day”. The park has constructed nine stations, namely, “Industrial London Station, South America Rainforest Station, Arabic Old Castle Station, Dutch Scenery Station, West Cowboy Station, Russian Scenery Station, Ancient Egyptian Civilization Station, Romantic Sakura Station, and 80-mu Amusement Lake”. Seven trains in diversified styles which are out of use are displayed in the park, applying the sound and light technology as well as the multidimensional movie to implement the science popularization education and promote the knowledge of train to adolescents and tourists. It carries forward the culture of train, promotes the scientific knowledge, and improves the brand image of Zhengzhou, endowing people with brand new education. More than 30 entertainment facilities are constructed in the park, including the giant Ferris wheel with the height of 120 meters, the ancient gold mine roller coaster with the length of 888 meters, and 360-degree dynamic atrium cinema. Meanwhile, in order to highlight the theme of train culture, explore and utilize the unique and rich railroad cultural resources of Zhengzhou, create the first large-scale train theme park of China, and promote the culture of train, the train tractive locomotives in various types which enjoy glorious history and are out of use are displayed in the park, applying the multiple forms like picture presentation and park tour explanation to implement the science popularization education and promote the knowledge of train to adolescents and tourists. The invaluable “Song Qingling Special Train” has been moved to the Century Amusement Park in Zhengzhou. Those locomotives that once contributed significantly to the railway transportation of China once again show their charming demeanor, greatly enriching the cultural connotation of the train theme park, and becoming the focus for plentiful tourists to go on a sightseeing tour.

A variety of entertainment facilities including Orient Express, Crescent Moon Pulley, Flying Shuttle for Exploring the Universe, Double-deck Luxurious Rotating Horse, Jungle Adventure, Around the World, Tomb Raider, Space-time Swordsman, Crazy Big Pendulum, Corsair, Top Speed Windmill, Drifting Surfing, Jumping into the Sky, Suspended Roller Coaster, Goetheborg Adventure, Self-revolving Pulley, Gyroswing, Orly Water Station and Frightened in the Ancient Castle are established in the park.

Copyright by Zhengzhou Municipal Tourism Administration